First time here with a (hopefully) basic question. I'm interested in studying Burrowing Owls, and one of the questions I'm looking at is whether occupied burrows tend to have a relatively higher number of satellite burrows within 10 m than what would be expected at nearby, unused sites (say, 100 m away). I would end up in my study having a total count of burrows within 10 m of X occupied burrows and a total count of burrows within 10 m of X random, unused sites (i.e., sample sizes in the two groups will be identical). Is it legit to use a chi-square test here? I see this being a question of whether something (i.e., satellite burrows) is distributed evenly between two categories. Am I on the right track?

Best,

Nick