```
library(metafor)
### decrease margins so the full space is used
par(mar=c(4,4,1,2))
### fit random-effects model (use slab argument to define study labels)
res <- rma(ai=tpos, bi=tneg, ci=cpos, di=cneg, data=dat.bcg, measure="RR",
slab=paste(author, year, sep=", "), method="REML")
### set up forest plot (with 2x2 table counts added; rows argument is used
### to specify exactly in which rows the outcomes will be plotted)
forest(res, xlim=c(-16, 6), at=log(c(0.05, 0.25, 1, 4)), atransf=exp,
ilab=cbind(dat.bcg$tpos, dat.bcg$tneg, dat.bcg$cpos, dat.bcg$cneg),
ilab.xpos=c(-9.5,-8,-6,-4.5), cex=0.75, ylim=c(-1, 27),
order=order(dat.bcg$alloc), rows=c(3:4,9:15,20:23),
xlab="Risk Ratio", mlab="", psize=1)
### add text with Q-value, dfs, p-value, and I^2 statistic
text(-16, -1, pos=4, cex=0.75, bquote(paste("RE Model for All Studies (Q = ",
.(formatC(res$QE, digits=2, format="f")), ", df = ", .(res$k - res$p),
", p = ", .(formatC(res$QEp, digits=2, format="f")), "; ", I^2, " = ",
.(formatC(res$I2, digits=1, format="f")), "%)")))
### set font expansion factor (as in forest() above) and use bold italic
### font and save original settings in object 'op'
op <- par(cex=0.75, font=4)
### add text for the subgroups
text(-16, c(24,16,5), pos=4, c("Systematic Allocation",
"Random Allocation",
"Alternate Allocation"))
### switch to bold font
par(font=2)
### add column headings to the plot
text(c(-9.5,-8,-6,-4.5), 26, c("TB+", "TB-", "TB+", "TB-"))
text(c(-8.75,-5.25), 27, c("Vaccinated", "Control"))
text(-16, 26, "Author(s) and Year", pos=4)
text(6, 26, "Risk Ratio [95% CI]", pos=2)
### set par back to the original settings
par(op)
### fit random-effects model in the three subgroups
res.s <- rma(ai=tpos, bi=tneg, ci=cpos, di=cneg, data=dat.bcg, measure="RR",
subset=(alloc=="systematic"), method="REML")
res.r <- rma(ai=tpos, bi=tneg, ci=cpos, di=cneg, data=dat.bcg, measure="RR",
subset=(alloc=="random"), method="REML")
res.a <- rma(ai=tpos, bi=tneg, ci=cpos, di=cneg, data=dat.bcg, measure="RR",
subset=(alloc=="alternate"), method="REML")
### add summary polygons for the three subgroups
addpoly(res.s, row=18.5, cex=0.75, atransf=exp, mlab="")
addpoly(res.r, row= 7.5, cex=0.75, atransf=exp, mlab="")
addpoly(res.a, row= 1.5, cex=0.75, atransf=exp, mlab="")
### add text with Q-value, dfs, p-value, and I^2 statistic for subgroups
text(-16, 18.5, pos=4, cex=0.75, bquote(paste("RE Model for Subgroup (Q = ",
.(formatC(res.s$QE, digits=2, format="f")), ", df = ", .(res.s$k - res.s$p),
", p = ", .(formatC(res.s$QEp, digits=2, format="f")), "; ", I^2, " = ",
.(formatC(res.s$I2, digits=1, format="f")), "%)")))
text(-16, 7.5, pos=4, cex=0.75, bquote(paste("RE Model for Subgroup (Q = ",
.(formatC(res.r$QE, digits=2, format="f")), ", df = ", .(res.r$k - res.r$p),
", p = ", .(formatC(res.r$QEp, digits=2, format="f")), "; ", I^2, " = ",
.(formatC(res.r$I2, digits=1, format="f")), "%)")))
text(-16, 1.5, pos=4, cex=0.75, bquote(paste("RE Model for Subgroup (Q = ",
.(formatC(res.a$QE, digits=2, format="f")), ", df = ", .(res.a$k - res.a$p),
", p = ", .(formatC(res.a$QEp, digits=2, format="f")), "; ", I^2, " = ",
.(formatC(res.a$I2, digits=1, format="f")), "%)")))
```