1) I like R puzzles to figure out. Generally I like the ones Dason leaves for me because he likes to through some R crumbs my way. If it's a question he takes usually its a question well above my pay grade. [Led Zep sends a bunch of those my way and I think Dason leaves them because he knows I can answer them and I like to answer R questions]
Signficant in the sense that if there is widespread looting and rioting no one will care about statistics. Any more than they do in the Congo or Somalia.
I had a history professor who noted that PHD's make lousy leaders (at least in the West). Historically he is correct (the only PHD ever to be US president was a dedicated racist who brought Jim Crow to the capital, praised the Klan and totally messed up the Versailles negoiation with catastrophic consequences).
Politics is the art of the possible and academics are commonly to impractiable to lead well. Their training leads to easily to doctrinaire behavior as economists constantly enhibit in their policies.
Gyngrich might be the next president so we will get a recent example of a PHD leading the US if he wins.....
Incidently, since we touched on politics how many hear noted Scalia's logic on statisics in the decision last year on the class action requirements for federal law suits? He asserted (and apparently the majority agreed) that statistics were not a valid tool in laying the basis for a class action suit because their findings could not rule out alternative causes (for their results). That of course is true essentially without exception in real world statistical models. If that decision is applied generally to federal law (and not uniquely to discrimination or class action suits) then the use of statistics in federal cases would seem to be up in the air.
He asserted (and apparently the majority agreed) that statistics were not a valid tool in laying the basis for a class action suit because their findings could not rule out alternative causes (for their results)
No more statistics for juries to consider. They will go with their gut in the future.
Only if there is proof a company has a policy of paying less to women or minorities can the employees get together in a class-action suit, the court said in an opinion Monday by Justice Antonin Scalia. Statistics showing that a company's female workers earn far less and get fewer promotions than men will not suffice, the court said.
I have enough distraction associated with the time spent on grading exams, reviewing articles for journals, and setting on committees.
That said, I would be willing to procrastinate, if I could look at some posts on related topics on how the World is now about in a similar condition as it was in (approximately) 1935-1937?....not too well.